In general, all Circulates have each dancer move forward along a defined path (called the "circulate path") to the next dancer position. The definitions below will refer to the following diagrams.
Directed (active) dancers move forward along the circulate path to the next position. The circulate paths for various formations are indicated by the dotted lines in the diagrams.
No call in the Circulate Family can be used with the Ocean Wave Rule or the Facing Couples Rule (see "Part 1: General: Conventions and Rule").
Fractions are proper and occasionally used with calls in the Circulate family. See "Part 4: Additional Detail: Fractions".
The timing for all Circulates is 4, but if the Circulate has the effect of a Pass Thru, the timing is 2.
The various types of Circulates and various ways to name them are described in detail in the following sections.
Centers (or Ends) Circulate
Girls (or Boys) Circulate
Designated dancers move forward to the next dancer position, following their General Lines or General Column circulate path.
A dancer looking out of the formation walks in a 180-degree arc and finishes in the next position on the other side, looking in. Others walk forward one dancer position.
Single File Circulate
Box Circulate and Split Circulate, while similar, are covered in two separate cases.
Heads Touch 1/4; Heads Box Circulate
Centers Box Circulate
Pass To The Center; Centers Touch 1/4 and Box Circulate
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